Lehrveranstaltungen im Sommersemester 2018

Grammaticalization / Grammatikalisierung

Zeit: Di 10–12
Raum: 503
Zuordnung Module: M5, M6, M9, S4, S5

Course description: 

Although “grammar” is commonly thought of as being the stable, unchangeable part of language, its skeleton as it were, it is still subject to change. Grammatical categories, grammatical paradigms, and grammatical rules do not remain the same over time, but are constantly modified, innovated, replaced. This transformation does not happen randomly, but follows particular tendencies and regularities. The morphosyntactic, semantic and functional changes involved in the rise of grammatical markers follow general, cross-linguistically valid rules and tendencies, and are subject to generalizable types of restrictions and contexts. The investigation of these processes and rules is the core of the study of grammaticalization. Grammaticalization is defined as a type of language change in which linguistic items gain grammatical function while reducing their lexical function. An example is the development of the perfect in English, German, French or Spanish with an erstwhile lexical verb ‘have’ (or ‘be’) having turned into an auxiliary and – in combination with a past participle – is functioning as a tense/aspect marker. 

This course gives an introduction into the foundations of the theory of grammaticalization, discusses selected controversial issues and looks more deeply into selected gramma­ticalization phenomena in German. 

Requirements for successful completion (depending on choice of modul) are regular attendance and participation, colla­borative presentation of a course topic, final written exam.

Course languages will be English and German.

Literatur: 

  • Bybee, Joan L., Revere D. Perkins & William Pagliuca (1994): The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect and Modality in the Languages of the World. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.
  • Croft, William (2000): Explaining Language Change. An Evolutionary Approach. Harlow [etc.]: Longman.
  • Diewald, Gabriele (1997): Grammatikalisierung. Eine Einführung in Sein und Werden grammatischer Formen. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
  • Hopper, Paul J. & Elizabeth Closs Traugott (2003): Grammaticalization. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lehmann, Christian (2002): Thoughts on grammaticalization. Second, revised edition. Erfurt: Arbeitspapiere des Seminars für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität.
  • Narrog, Heiko & Bernd Heine (eds.) (2011): Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  

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Syntax

Zeit: Di. 14–16, Mi. 10–12
Raum: 506
Zuordnung Module: S2
Prüfungsleistung: Klausur
Studienleistung: mehrere schriftliche Übungen.             

Kommentar

Dieses Seminar bietet eine Einführung in die Grundbegriffe und Methoden der syntaktischen Analyse. Die theoretischen Grundlagen werden in praktischen Übungen umgesetzt.
Die Veranstaltung gliedert sich dementsprechend in einen Seminarteil und einen Übungsteil, die nur gemeinsam besucht werden können.

Literatur:

Zur Vorbereitung eignet sich:

  • Habermann, Mechthild, Gabriele Diewald und Maria Thurmair. 2015. Duden – Grundwissen Grammatik. Fit für den Bachelor. 2. Auflage. Mannheim: Bibliographisches Institut.

Weitere relevante Literatur:

  • Ágel, Vilmos. 2000. Valenztheorie. Tübingen: Narr (Studienbücher).
  • Diewald, Gabriele (Hg.). 2009. Grammatik und grammatische Beschreibung. Schwerpunktthema in: Sprache, Stimme, Gehör. Zeitschrift für Kommunikationsstörungen, 33, 2.
  • Dürrscheid, Christa. 2000. Syntax. Grundlagen und Theorien. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. (Studienbücher zur Linguistik 3).
  • Pittner, Karin und Judith Bermann. 2004. Deutsche Syntax. Ein Arbeitsbuch. Tübingen: Narr.
  • Van der Elst, Gaston und Mechthild Habermann. 1997. Syntaktische Analyse. 6., neubearb. Aufl. Erlangen: Palm & Enke (Erlanger Studien, 60).
  • Wöllstein-Leisten, Angelika et al. 1997 Deutsche Satzstruktur: Grundlagen der syntaktischen Analyse. Tübingen : Stauffenburg.
  • Zifonun, Gisela, Ludger Hoffmann, Bruno Strecker [u.a.] (1997): Grammatik der deutschen Sprache, Bd. 3. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter.

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Master-Modul

Zeit: Mo, 16–18
Raum: 503

Zuordnung Module: Master-Abschluss

Juniorstudium: NEIN
Gasthörendenstudium: NEIN  

Kommentar

Das Seminar richtet sich an Studierende, die ihre Masterarbeit bei mir schreiben (obligatorische Veranstaltung). Es dient der begleitenden Betreuung sowie der Präsentation und gemeinsamen Diskussion der Arbeiten. Nach Rücksprache können auch weitere Interessierte aufgenommen werden.

Persönliche Anmeldung per E-Mail ist erforderlich.

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Deutsch und Englisch im Vergleich und im Kontrast – English and German in Comparison and Contrast

(in Kooperation mit Rainer Schulze, Anglistik)

Zeit: Di 10–12
Raum: 003
Zuordnung Module: M6, M9 // S4,S5

Kommentar:

This advanced seminar aims to give an overview of the most important structural differences between English and German. It will reconsider some issues already discussed in earlier introductory classes (e.g. Introduction to Linguistics), albeit from a decidedly different point of view. We will explore how the basic structural differences between English and German are related to each other. The focus of this seminar will therefore be on clusters or bundles of contrast, each of which can be derived from a fundamental structural difference between the two languages. The overarching objective, then, will be to show how it is possible to bring order to the large variety of superficially unrelated contrasts between English and German which, after all, are two otherwise closely related languages. Thus, we will take a bird’s-eye view of the two languages: the task will be to work out their most essential characteristics and trace back our findings concerning what they have and have not in common to general tendencies among the world’s languages. One crucial insight is going to be that many of the differences between English and German are not restricted to these two languages, but represent more general contrasts between languages which – like English and German – represent different language types. Along these lines, we will have to restrict ourselves to a few select phonetic and phonological, morphological, grammatical, syntactic, pragmatic and/or semantic issues: agreement, analytic, blending of constructions, case system, (pseudo-) cleft, final devoicing, focus particle, fused constructions, gerund, grammatical relation, grammaticalisation, interference types (substitution, over-/underspecification, over-/underrepresentation), loose-fit language, markedness, modal particle, passive construction, predicate-argument structure, preposition stranding, raising construction, semantic roles of subjects and objects, synthetic, theme and rheme, tight-fit language, transfer, transitive construction, transparency, verb-phrase contrasts, word order, and word stress.

Literature – recommended reading:


  • König, Ekkehard and Volker Gast. 32012. Understanding English-German Contrasts. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag.

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